Death is a cruel penalty and the legal processes which necessarily involve waiting in uncertainty for the sentence to be set aside or carried out, add to the cruelty. The FCC adopted and Congress endorsed minority ownership preferences only after long study, painstaking consideration of all available alternatives, and the emergence of evidence demonstrating that race-neutral means had not produced adequate broadcasting diversity.
It is the source of legislative and executive authority. Article XII of the agreement is concerned with the expulsions and reads: The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro temporein the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.
Even in the few cases when this happened and expellees were proven to have been bystanders, opponents or even victims of the Nazi regime, they were rarely spared from expulsion.
Although it acknowledged that a lottery could be structured to alleviate that concern by attributing a weight to minority ownership, see id. Prior to completion of that inquiry, however, Congress enacted the FCC appropriations legislation for fiscal yearwhich prohibited the FCC from spending any appropriated funds to examine or change its minority policies.
Recomputation or estimate of taxes or fees; accrual of interest on unpaid taxes; offsetting overpayments; refund of excess. Nor does the distress sale policy impose an undue burden on nonminorities, since it may be invoked only with respect to a small fraction of broadcast licenses, only when the licensee chooses to sell out at a low price rather than risk a hearing, and only when no competing application has been filed.
Article 21 of the Indian Constitution provides that: Section 4 The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive when the Legislature cannot be convened against domestic Violence.
They agreed that any transfers that take place should be effected in an orderly and humane manner. The Ninth Amendment, like its companion, the Tenth, which this Court held "states but a truism that all is retained which has not been surrendered", United States v.
It is also consistent with the approach to extreme punishments followed by courts in other countries.
Initially, the FCC did not consider minority status as a factor in licensing decisions, maintaining as a matter of Commission policy that no preference to minority ownership was warranted where the record in a particular case did not give assurances that the owner's race likely would affect the content of the station's broadcast service to the public.
Second, the FCC outlined a plan to increase minority opportunities to receive reassigned and transferred licenses through the so-called "distress sale" policy.
We conclude that the Congress had the constitutional authority to lay the tax. Bizos, who represented the South African government at the hearing of this matter, informed us that the government accepts that the death penalty is a cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment and that it should be declared unconstitutional.
The Court decided by a majority of four to three that in the particular circumstances of the case the decision of the Minister of Justice could not be set aside on these grounds.
Congress and the FCC do not justify the policies strictly as remedies for victims of demonstrable discrimination in the communications media, but rather have selected them primarily to promote broadcast diversity.
The Fifth Amendment adopted in refers in specific terms to capital punishment and impliedly recognises its validity. We have recognized, for example, that the fair cross-section requirement of the Sixth Amendment forbids the exclusion of groups on the basis of such characteristics as race and gender from a jury venire because, "[w]ithout that requirement, the State could draw up jury lists in such manner as to produce a pool of prospective jurors disproportionately ill-disposed towards one or all classes of defendants, and thus more likely to yield petit juries with similar disposition.
allianceimmobilier39.com - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. Hugo v President of the Repubic of South Africa and Another (4) SA (D). Act of The Presidential Act provided, inter alia, the following: In terms of section 82(1)(k) of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, (Act of ), I hereby grant special remission of the remainder of their sentences to.
U.S. Supreme Court Metro Broadcasting v. FCC, U.S. () Metro Broadcasting, Inc. v. Federal Communications Commission.
Nos. [Rev. 6/2/ PM] CHAPTER - LICENSING AND CONTROL OF GAMING. GENERAL PROVISIONS. NRS Short title. NRS Public policy of state concerning gaming; license or approval revocable privilege. NRS Definitions. NRS CHASKALSON P: The two accused in this matter were convicted in the Witwatersrand Local Division of the Supreme Court on four counts of murder, one count of attempted murder and one count of robbery with aggravating circumstances.
They were sentenced to death on each of the counts of murder and to long terms of imprisonment on the other counts. The Ninth Amendment (Amendment IX) to the United States Constitution addresses rights, retained by the people, or as to enlarge the powers delegated by the constitution; but either as actual limitations of such powers, or as inserted merely for greater caution.
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be.An evaluation of the issue of actual enumeration as provide by the us constitution